Cherkasov Aleksey Vladimirovich, candidate of pedagogical sciences, associate professor, head of the sub-department of social and humanitarian disciplines, doctor’s degree applicant, the Sevastopol branch of Admiral Ushakov Maritime State University (8/22 building, 11, Geroyev Sevastopolya street, Sevastopol, Russia), E-mail: email@example.com
Background. The development of historiography as a scientific direction is organically connected with the study of the historical process. At the same time, the history and historiography of primitive archeology is characterized by its own specifics. First, the authors traditionally pay less attention to reviews of the history of the study of this era than to other periods of human development (antiquity, middle ages, new and modern times). This situation directly determines the scientific novelty and relevance of the chosen problems. Secondly, the archeology of primitive society is a relatively young branch of historical knowledge, numbering about a century and a half (in the Crimea the first primitive monument was opened in the 80-ies of the XIX century). Thus, we are talking almost about modern history. The purpose of this article is to characterize trends in the study of the stone age of the Crimea on the published materials of the 1990s – early 2000s.
Materials and methods. The article is based on the research of Russian historians and archaeologists who directly or indirectly studied the stone age of the Crimean Peninsula. The methodological base of the article, in addition to General scientific research methods, is based on the comparative historical method, the use of which allows to analyze the historiographic material in the context of the emergence and development of approaches to the study of specific topics.
Results. The historiography of the study of the stone age of the Crimea in the specified chronological period in the nominative and problem contexts is studied. Defined the plot dynamics of the work identified prospects for studying the stone age to the Crimea in the new socio-cultural conditions.
Conclusions. The analysis of the Russian historiography of the Crimean stone age studies in the 1990s – early 2000s allows us to draw a conclusion about their quantitative and qualitative Genesis during this period. Archaeologists developed a range of General methodological and methodological problems, identified and justified new archaeological cultures on the Peninsula, discovered new and pre-investigated already known primitive sites, received a new development of the genre of historical and archaeological biographies, history and historiography of the stone age of the Crimea was fully covered on the pages of generalizing complex works on the history of primitive society. An innovative phenomenon was the holding of systematic international complex expeditions, projects and scientific seminars on the Crimean Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic. The use of modern methodological and historiographical approaches, as well as the expansion of the geography of research is a prospect for further development of the problem.
primitive archeology, historiography and the history of science, the Crimean stone age, personalities of scientist, primitive monument
1. Kolosov Yu. G., Stepanchuk V. N., Chabay V. P. Arkheologiya [Archaeology]. 1988, no. 64, pp. 34–45. [In Russian]
2. Chabay V. P., Marks E. E., Ott M. Arkheologіya [Archaeology]. 1998, no. 4, pp. 19–48. [In Russian]
3. Stepanchuk V. N. Arkheologicheskie issledovaniya v Krymu. 1993 god: sb. nauch. tr. [Archaeological research in Crimea. 1993: proceedings]. Simferopol: Tavriya, 1994, pp. 241–245. [In Russian]
4. Stepanchuk V. N. Vostochnoevropeyskiy arkheologicheskiy zhurnal [East European Archaeological Journal]. 2002, no. 5 (18). [In Russian]
5. Yanevich O. O. Arkheologіya [Archaeology]. 1993, no. 1, pp. 3–14. [In Russian]
6. Yanevich O. O. Arkheologіya [Archaeology]. 2000, no. 2, pp. 11–19. [In Russian]
7. Yanevich O. O. Arkheologіya [Archaeology]. 1999, no. 1, pp. 191–192. [In Russian]
8. Zalіznyak L. L. Arkheologіya [Archaeology]. 1995, no. 1, pp. 3–22. [In Russian]
9. Zalіznyak L. L. Arkheologіya [Archaeology]. 1995, no. 3, pp. 3–16. [In Russian]
10. Zalіznyak L. L. Arkheologіya [Archaeology]. 1995, no. 4, pp. 3–16. [In Russian]
11. Kukharchuk Yu. V. Arkheologіya [Archaeology]. 2004, no. 2, pp. 159–162. [In Russian]
12. Arkheologicheskie issledovaniya v Krymu. 1993 god: sb. nauch. tr. [Archaeological research in Crimea. 1993: proceedings]. Ed. by V. Kutaysov. Simferopol: Tavriya, 1994, 320 p. [In Russian]